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螺旋砂水分离器

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打通污水处理“最后一公里”,污泥处置技术到底有哪些?
发布者:管理员  发布时间:2021-11-24  浏览次数:16  来源:环保工程师 http://www.h2o-china.com/news/329875.html

今年第二轮中央环保督察前三批通报过北京、天津、浙江、广州海滔、江苏、广西、江西、黑龙江、辽宁等地的多起污泥问题案例,污泥问题已成为中央生态环保督察组重点关注的对象,污泥处置也成为打通污水处理的“最后一公里”,为污泥处置寻找一条合适的出路成为亟待解决的难题!

污泥处置是指经过减少水分或去除有机杂质并杀灭病原体后的污泥的最终处置。污泥或废渣,除符合卫生条件的可综合利用外,必须作最终处置,污泥的处置是在符合国家法规和标准的基础上,综合考虑当地经济、环境等因素,采取适当的技术措施和管理政策,为城市污泥提供最终的出路。

污泥的种类

污泥是一种由有机残片、细菌体、无机颗粒和胶体等组成的非均质体。它很难通过沉降进行彻底的固液分离。污水处理产生的污泥是典型的有机污泥,其特性是有机物含量高(60%~80%),颗粒细(0.02~0.2mm),密度小(1002~1006Kg/m³),呈胶体结构,是一种亲水性污泥,容易管道输送,但脱水性能差。随着污泥水分的减少,污泥从纯液状流动到粘滞状、塑性性状、半干固体状直到纯固体状这一过程进行变化。通常浓缩可将含水率降到85%(含水状态);含水率在70%~75%时,污泥呈柔软状态,不易流动;通常一般脱水下含水率只可降到60%~65%,此时几乎成为固体;含水率低到35%~40%时,成聚散状态(以上是半干化状态);进一步低到10%~15%则成粉末状。

ANWUSHUIDECHULIFANGFAHUOWUNICONGWUSHUIZHONGFENLIDEGUOCHENG,KEYIJIANGWUNIFENWEISILEI:

1)CHUCHENWUNI:CONGCHUCHENDIANCHIPAICHUDECHENDIANWU(LAIZICHUCHENCHI)。

2)SHENGYUWUNI(SHENGYUHUOXINGWUNI):YOUYUWEISHENGWUDEDAIXIEHESHENGWUHECHENGZUOYONG,SHIDEPUQICHIZHONGDEHUOXINGWUNISHENGWULIANGZENGJIA,JINGERCICHENDIANCHICHENDIANXIALAIDEWUNIYIBUFENHUILIUDAOPUQICHIGONGZAICHULIWUSHUIYONG,DUOYUDEPAIFANGDAOXITONGZHIWAIDEBUFENJISHENGYUWUNI。(LAIZIHUOXINGWUNIFAHOUDEERCHENCHI)。

3)FUZHIWUNI:ZHISHENGWUMOFA(RUSHENGWULVCHI、SHENGWUZHUANPAN、BUFENSHENGWUJIECHUYANGHUACHIDENG)WUSHUICHULIGONGYIZHONGERCICHENDIANCHICHANSHENGDECHENDIANWU。(LAIZISHENGWUMOFAHOUDEERCHENCHI)。

4)HUAXUEWUNI:YONGHUNNING、HUAXUECHENDIANDENGHUAXUEFACHULIFEISHUISUOCHANSHENGDEWUNI。

ANWUNIDEBUTONGCHANSHENGJIEDUAN,KEYIJIANGWUNIFENWEIWULEI:

1)SHENGWUNI(XINXIANWUNI):ZHICONGCHENDIANCHI(CHUCHENCHIHEERCHENCHI)FENLICHULAIDECHENDIANWUHUOXUANFUWUDEZONGCHENG,WEIJINGRENHECHULIDEWUNI。

2)XIAOHUAWUNI(SHUWUNI):CHUCHENWUNI、FUZHIWUNI、SHENGYUHUOXINGWUNIJINGYANYANGHUOHAOYANGXIAOHUAHOUDEWUNIJUNCHENGXIAOHUAWUNI。

3)NONGSUOWUNI:ZHISHENGWUNIJINGNONGSUOCHULIHOUDEDAODEWUNI;

4)TUOSHUIGANHUAWUNI:ZHIJINGTUOSHUIGANHUACHULIHOUDEDAODEWUNI;

5)GANZAOWUNI:ZHIJINGGANZAOCHULIHOUDEDAODEWUNI。

污泥的特点

污泥按其来源分大致可分为给水污泥、生活污水污泥和工业废水污泥三类。

CHENGSHIWUNIDEZUCHENG、CHENGFENYUREZHI

1)CHENGSHIWUSHUICHULICHANGWUNIDEZUCHENGJIYINGYANGWUHANLIANG

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2)城市污水处理厂污泥的基本理化成分

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3)CHENGSHIWUSHUICHULICHANGWUNIDERANSHAOREZHIBIAO

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工业污泥的特点

GONGYEWUNIGENJUQILAIYUAN,YOUZHEFEICHANGDADECHAYI。ZHEIXIECHAYIZHUYAOBIAOXIANZAIQIZHANDU、XISHIXING、WURANWUXINGZHI、HANYOULV、HANSHUILV、YOUJIZHIBILI、WUJIWUBILIDENGDUOFANGMIAN。

BIJIAOSHIZHENGWUNILAISHUO,QIZHANDUDA、HANYOULVGAO、WUJIWUBILIGAO,YOUSHISHIDEQICHULINANDUGENGGAO。

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污泥处置的技术手段及综合利用

污泥处理技术分为污泥处理和污泥处置两个环节。污泥处理包括浓缩(含水率95%-98%)、脱水(80%)、干化(40%)等。在脱水环节,可以通过厌氧消化或好氧消化进一步提高脱水效率。

WUNICHUZHISHIWUNICHULIDEHOUXUHUANJIE,YOUTIANMAI、FENSHAO、DUIFEI、ZIYUANHUADENGDUOZHONGSHOUDUAN。DANGQIANGUOJISHANGZUICHANGSHIYONGDESHIFENSHAOCHUZHIFANGFA。ZAI2014 NIANHUOXINGWUNIYIBAIZHOUNIANSHI,QUANSHIJIEKEXUEJIADOUYIZHIRENWEI:ZIYUANHUASHIWUSHUICHULIWEILAIFAZHANDEFANGXIANG,WUNIDEZIYUANHUALIYONGSHIWEILAIXUYAOTUPODEZHONGYAOHUANJIE。

1、YANYANGXIAOHUAJISHU——WUNICHULIDEGAOXIAOSHOUDUAN

YANYANGXIAOHUASHIZHIWUNIZAIWUYANGHUANJINGXIA,TONGGUOJIANXINGJUNHEYANYANGXIJUNJIANGWUNIZHONGDEKESHENGWUJIANGJIEDEYOUJIWUFENJIECHENGERYANGHUATAN、JIAWANHESHUIDENG,SHIWUNIDEDAOWENDINGDEGUOCHENG。DANGQIANXINGYEPUBIANRENWEIYANYANGXIAOHUASHIWUNIJIANLIANGHUA、WENDINGHUADECHANGYONGSHOUDUANZHIYI。YUHAOYANGXIAOHUAXIANGBIJUYOUCHENGBENDI(BUXUYAOGUFENGSHEBEI、CHUCHOUSHEBEI)、BULIANGQITIPAIFANGSHAO、QITIHUISHOULIYONGDENGYOUSHI。

ANZHAOCHULIWENDUBUTONG,YANYANGXIAOHUAKEYIFENWEIZHONGWENXIAOHUAHEGAOWENXIAOHUALIANGZHONG。GAOWENYANYANGXIAOHUAXIANGDUIYUZHONGWENXIAOHUAJUYOUCHANQILVGAO、XIAOHUACHITIJIXIAODEYOUSHI,DANSHIDUIHAONENGYAOQIUJIAOGAO。WOGUODANGQIANPUBIANSHIYONGZHONGWENXIAOHUA。MUQIANRENWEIYANYANGXIAOHUAXUYAOJINGLISIGEJIEDUAN:FENBIESHISHUIJIE、SUANHUA(FAJIAO)JIEDUAN,YISUANHUAJIEDUAN,JIAWANHUAJIEDUAN。GEJIEDUANZHIJIANJIXIANGHULIANXIYOUXIANGHUYINGXIANG,GEGEJIEDUANDOUYOUGEZITESEWEISHENGWUQUNTI。

微信图片_20211122093133.jpg


YANYANGXIAOHUAJUYOUYIXIAYOUDIAN:

1)TIGAOHOUXUCHULIDEXIAOLVBINGJIANSHAOHOUXUCHULINENGHAO。TONGCHANGRENWEIYANYANGFANYINGKEYISHIXIANWUNIJIANLIANGHUA、WENDINGHUA。TONGGUOYANYANGFANYING,WUNIZHONGYOUJIWUQUCHU40%-60%,YOUHAIBINGJUNJIANSHAO。CIWAI,YANYANGXIAOHUATIGAOWUNITUOSHUIWENDINGXING,RANGFENSHAODENGHOUXUCHULIJIANSHAO35%YISHANGDENENGHAO。

2)YANYANGXIAOHUACHENGBENJIAODI。GENJU《ZHONGGUOHUANJINGBAO》TONGJI,DANCHUNYANYANGXIAOHUATOUZICHENGBENYUEWEI20-40 WANYUAN/(DUN/RI),YOUYUBUYONGGUFENGPUQIDENG,JIEYUELECHENGBEN,DANCHUNYANYANGXIAOHUAYUNXINGFEIYONGYUEWEI60-120 YUAN/DUN(HANSHUILV80%,BUBAOKUONONGSUOHETUOSHUI),ERHAOYANGFAJIAOYUNXINGFEIYONGWEI120-160 YUAN/DUN。

2、WUNIGANZAO(HUA)JISHU

ANZHAOCHULIGONGYIDEBUTONGYOUZHIJIEGANZAOHEJIANJIEGANZAOLIANGZHONG。ZHIJIEGANZAOSHIJIANGGAOWENYANQIZHIJIEYINRUGANZAOQI,TONGGUOQITIYUSHIWULIAODEJIECHUDUILIUJINXINGHUANRE。YOUYUZHIJIEGANZAOHUIZENGJIAWURANXINGQITI,WUNICHULILIANGXIAOQIECUNZAIYIDINGDEANQUANYINHUAN,OUZHOUGEGUOYIZHUJIANFANGQIZHIJIEGANZAOFA,DUOCAIYONGJIANJIEGANZAO。

JIANJIEGANZAOSHIJIANGGAOWENYANQIDERELIANGTONGGUOREJIAOHUANQI,CHUANJIZHENGQI,ZHENGQIZAIYIGEFENGBIDEHUILUZHONGXUNHUAN,YUWUNIMEIYOUJIECHU。JIANJIEGANZAOCUNZAIYIDINGDERESUNSHI,DANXUYAOCHULIDEYANQILIANGXIAO,BUHUICHANSHENGERCIWURAN。

微信图片_20211122093201.jpg

污泥间接干燥流程图

MUQIAN,GUONEIWAIDEWUNIGANZAOSHEBEIZHUYAOYOU:SANTONGSHIHUIZHUANYUANTONGGANZAOJI(ZHUANGUGANZAOJI)、LIUHUACHUANGGANZAOJI、JIANGYESHIGANZAOJI、PANSHIGANZAOJI、DAISHIGANZAOJIDENG。

污泥干燥技术的比较


微信图片_20211122093230.jpg

3、WEISHENGTIANMAIJISHU——WOGUOZUIPUBIANSHIYONGDEWUNICHULIJISHU

WUNIDEWEISHENGTIANMAISHIYU60NIANDAI,SHIZAICHUANTONGTIANMAIDEJICHUSHANGCONGBAOHUHUANJINGJIAODUCHUFA,JINGGUOKEXUEXUANZHIHEBIYAODECHANGDIFANGHUCHULI,JUYOUYANGEGUANLIZHIDUDEKEXUEDEGONGCHENGCAOZUOFANGFA。DAOMUQIANWEIZHI,YIFAZHANCHENGWEIYIXIANGBIJIAOCHENGSHUDEWUNICHUZHIJISHU,WUNIJINGGUOJIANDANDEWUJUNCHULIZHIJIEQINGDAOYUDIGUDIQUKEZHIZAORENGONGTUDI。

YOUDIAN:

CHULICHENGBENDI、BUXUYAOGAODUTUOSHUIHUOZIRANGANHUA、JICHULILEWUNIYOUZENGJIALECHENGSHIDEJIANSHEYONGDI、TOUZIJIAOSHAO、RONGLIANGDA、JIANXIAOKUAI。

QUEDIAN:

1)WUNIZHONGHANYOUDEGEZHONGYOUDUYOUHAIWUZHIJINGYUSHUIDEQINSHIHESHENLVHUIWURANDIXIASHUIJIDAQI。SHIYIWUNITIANMAIDEDAMIANJICHANGSUOYINCHENGSHIWUNIDALIANGDECHANCHUERXIANDEYUELAIYUEYOUXIAN,WUNIZUOWEISHENGTIANMAISHI,YINGZHUYIGAICHUDEDIZHI,SHUIWENTIAOJIANHETURANGTIAOJIAN。

2)YINGKAOLVDAOHUANJINGWEISHENGWENTI,TIANKENGPUSHEFANGSHENXINGNENGHAODECAILIAO,TIANMAICHANGHAIYINGPEISHESHENLVYESHOUJIZHUANGZHIJIJINGHUASHESHI。MUQIANWOGUOXIUJIANDEWEISHENGTIANMAICHANGZHONG,DOUYONGGAOMIDUJUYIXIWEIFANGSHENCENG,BIMIANLEDUIDIXIASHUIJITURANGDEERCIWURAN。

3)YUANJULIDEYUNSHUFEIYONGGAOANGSHIZHIYUEWUNIDEWEISHENGTIANMAIDEYIGEZHONGYAOYINSU。

4、WUNIFENSHAOJISHU

FENSHAOFASHIYIZHONGGAOWENRECHULIJISHU,JIYIYIDINGDEGUOSHENGKONGQIYUBEICHULIDEYOUJIFEIWUZAIFENSHAOLUNEIJINXINGYANGHUAFENJIEFANYING,FEIWUZHONGDEYOUDUYOUHAIWUZHIZAIGAOWENZHONGYANGHUAREJIEERBEIPOHUAI。FENSHAOCHUZHIDETEDIANSHIKEYISHIXIANWUNIDEWUHAIHUA、JIANLIANGHUA(JIANRONG70%,ZUIDAKEDAO90%)HEZIYUANHUA。FENSHAODEZHUYAOMUDESHIJINKENENGDIFENSHAOFEIWU,BINGJIANGBEIFENSHAODEWUZHIBIANCHENGWUHAIHEZUIDAXIANDUDEJIANRONG,JINLIANGJIANSHAOXINDEWURANWUCHANSHENG,YIBIMIANERCIWURAN。JINNIANLAIYOUYUCAIYONGLEHESHIDEYUCHULIGONGYIHEFENSHAOSHOUDUAN,DADAOLEWUNIRENENGDEZIZU,BINGNENGMANZUYUELAIYUEYANGEDEHUANJINGYAOQIU。YIFENSHAOWEIHEXINDECHULIFANGFASHIBEIRENWEISHIWUNICHUZHIZUICHEDI、KUAIJIEHEJINGJIDEFANGFA。

ANZHAOFENSHAOFANGSHIBUTONGFENWEIZHIJIEFENSHAOHEGANZAOFENSHAOLIANGZHONG。QIZHONGZHIJIEFENSHAOSHIZHIJIANGGAOWENWUNI(HANSHUILV85%YISHANG)ZAIFUZHURANLIAODEZUOWEIREYUANDEQINGKUANGXIAZHIJIEZAIFENSHAOLUNEIFENSHAO。YOUYUWUNIHANSHUILIANGDA、REZHIDI,XUYAOXIAOHAODALIANGDEFUZHURANLIAO。ZHIJIEFENSHAOXIA,WUNIHANSHUILIANGDA,FENSHAOHOUDEWEIQILIANGJIAODA,HOUXUWEIQICHULIXUYAOPANGDADESHEBEI,CAOZUOKONGZHINANDUDA。WULUNCONGYUNXINGCHENGBENHESHEBEITOUZIDENGFANGMIAN,WUNIDEZHIJIEFENSHAOZHENGZHUJIANBEIGANZAOFENSHAOSUODAITI。GANZAOFENSHAOSHIZHIJIANGWUNITONGGUOGANHUACHULIHOUZAIJINXINGFENSHAODEJISHUSHOUDUAN。DANGQIANFENSHAOGONGYIBAOKUODANDUFENSHAO、REDIANCHANGXIETONGCHUZHI、SHUINIYAOXIETONGCHUZHI。

污泥焚烧指标要求

微信图片_20211122093316.jpg

5、HAOYANGDUIFEI(FAJIAO)——XINGCHENGSHENGWUFEILIAO

HAOYANGDUIFEISHIZAIYOUYANGQINGKUANGXIA,TONGGUOWEISHENGWUDEFAJIAOZUOYONG,JIANGWUNIZHUANBIANWEIFEILIAODEGUOCHENG。QIZHONGYOUJIWULIAODAIXIEWEIERYANGHUATAN、SHUIHERE。

HAOYANGDUIFEIDEYOUDIANBAOKUO:

1)FAJIAOXIAOLVGAO,WENDINGHUASHIJIANXIANGDUIDUAN;

2)CHOUWEISHAO,SHIXIANMIEJUN;

3)HANSHUILVKEJIANGDAO40%;

4)WUNICHENGPINZHUYAOYONGYUXIUFUYANJIANDI、CHENGSHILVHUA、LAJICHANGFUGAIYIJIJIANZHUDENGFANGMIANYONGTU;

5)BINGYANSHENGCHUQIUYINSHENGWUDUIFEIDENGLAIQIANGHUADUIFEIXIAOGUO,BIRUXINGRONGHUANJINGHELVSHANDEHEZUO。

DUIFEIDENANDIANZHUYAOBAOKUO:

1)NENGLIANGJINGZHICHU,TONGFENGNENGHAOFEIYONGZHANBI80%;

2)XUDUIHAOYANGDUIFEIYUNXINGDEBUTONGJIEDUANDEHELITONGFENGLIANGJIAQIANGYANJIU;

3)QUESHAOC/N DENGKONGZHIYINSUDELILUNYANJIU,ZHISHICUNZAIDIAOLITIANJIAJISHIYONGGUODUODEQINGKUANG。

堆肥工艺流程图


微信图片_20211122093353.jpg

6、TANHUAJISHU

“TANHUA”CHUZHIJISHUSHITONGGUOJIWUNIJIAWEN,SHIWUNIZHONGDEWEISHENGWUXIBAOLIEJIE,JIANGQIZHONGDESHUIFENSHIFANGCHULAI,TONGSHIYOUZUIDAXIANDUDIBAOLIUWUNIZHONGTANZHIDEGUOCHENG。TANHUAGONGYITEDIANBAOKUOYIXIAJIDIAN。1)GAOWEN。ZAIGAOWENZUOYONGXIA,BUFENYOUJIZHIFASHENGJIEJU,XINGCHENGKERANQITI;2)DIYANG。ZAIGAOWENCHULIGUOCHENGZHONG,TONGGUOXIANZHIGONGYANGLIANG,SHIXIANYOUXIANRANSHAO;3)DISHUIFEN。FEIQIWU(RUWUNI)YINGSHOUXIANJIANGDISHUIFEN(QIANZHIGANZAO),CAINENGJINXINGREJIECHULI。

XIANGDUIYURELIGANHUAHEFENSHAO,TANHUAJISHUYOUSHIZAIYU:NENGYUANXIAOHAODI,SHENGYUCHANWUZHONGTANHANLIANGGAO,FARELIANGDA,TANZHILIYONGJIAZHIDA。ZHEILEIGONGYIKENENGYOUBUTONGDEMINGCHENG,RUTANHUA、TANHUA、REJIE、LIEJIE、GANLIU、JIAOHUA、QIHUA、RELIE、RELIEJIE、GAOWENLIEJIEDENG。

碳化技术原理图

微信图片_20211122093421.jpg

7、JIANCAIHETUDILIYONG

WUNIJIANCAILIYONGSHIZHIJIANGWUNIZUOWEIZHIZUOJIANZHUCAILIAODEBUFENYUANLIAODECHUZHIFANGSHI,YINGYONGYUZHIZHUAN、SHUINI、TAOLI、HUOXINGTAN、RONGRONGQINGZHICAILIAOYIJISHENGHUAXIANWEIBANDEZHIZUO。

WUNIDETUDILIYONGSHIJIANGJINGGUOTUOSHANCHULIZHIFUHEYIDINGBIAOZHUNDEWUNIHUOQICHANPINZUOWEIFEILIAOHUOTURANGGAILIANGCAILIAO,YONGYUNONGTIANLIYONG、YUANLINLVHUALIYONGHUOTUDIGAILIANGDENGCHANGHE,SHIYIZHONGJIJI、KECHIXUDEWUNIZUIZHONGCHUZHIMOSHI。TUDILIYONGZAIFADAGUOJIAQUDELELIANGHAODEXIAOGUO,ZHUYAOSHIYUNONGYESHIXIANLEJINMILIANXI。

FANGUANGUONEI,WUNITUDILIYONGDEDAOLUZOUDEYICHANGJIANNAN,YOUYUYIQIANGONGYEWUSHUIHESHENGHUOWUSHUIZHANGQIHUNTONGCHULI,CHUYUDUIWUNIZHONGZHONGJINSHUFENGXIANDEKAOLV,WUNIZHICHENGDE“YOUJIFEI”BEINONGYEBUJINZHIJINRUNONGTIAN,ZHINENGYONGZUOLVHUATU、TIANMAITU、LUJITUDENG。

8、WUNITURANGHUA

WUNITURANGHUAJISHUJIEYUWUNIWEISHENGTIANMAIJIWUNITUDILIYONGZHIJIAN,QIJISHUJINNIANLAIZAIOUZHOUXUNSUFAZHAN,YIJINGZAIDEGUO、RUISHI、MEIGUODENGGUOKAISHIJINXINGGUANGFANYINGYONG。WUNIZAIZIRANXINGTAIDETURANGHUACHIJINGGUOZHIWUDEFUSHI,BEIZHUANHUAWEIYIDENGJIDEFUZHITU(ZIRANDUIFEI),ZAICIXUNHUANZHIDAZIRANDANGZHONG,TONGSHIDUIFEIZHONGBUCUNZAIZHONGJINSHUDENGYOUHAIWUZHI,FEICHANGSHIHEYONGYUDUIFEIHUOTUDIGAILIANGJI。

YOUDIAN:

1)KEZHONGFUSHIYONG,SHEBEIDEZAITOUZIFEIYONGDI、YUNXINGFEIYONGJIWEIDILIAN、FANGZHIERCIWURAN、GONGYIJIANDAN、BUYILAIYUZHANGWOGAOJISHUDEJISHURENYUAN。

2)WUNITURANGHUAJISHUZHI,TONGGUOZIRANNENGLIANGZHUANHUAN,LIYONGZHIWUDUITURANGDEFUSHIZUOYONG,BAWUNIZHUANHUAWEIYOUZHITURANG。WUNIZHONGHANYOUFENGFUDEDAN、LINDENGFEILIAOYUANSU,TONGGUOWUNITURANGHUAKEJIANSHAOHUAFEISHIYONGLIANG,YOULIYUNONGZUOWUZAIPEI,SHIWUNIWENDINGXINGYUBAOHUTURANGJIYUYITIDECHULIJISHU。

3)JIANZHUSHIYIDEWUNITURANGHUACHI,ZAIWUNITURANGHUACHIDAORUWUNI,DAORUZHIHOUZHONGZHILUWEI,LIYONGLUWEIDEQIANGFENJIENENGLI,JINGGUOSHUNIANDEPEIYANG,BAWUNIZHUANHUANWEIYOUZHIDEFUZHITU,BUJINJIANSHAOWUNI,TONGSHISHENGCHANCHUYOUZHIDEFUZHITU。

4)TIANKENGPUSHEFANGSHENXINGNENGHAODECAILIAO,YONGGAOMIDUJUYIXIWEIFANGSHENCENG,BIMIANLEDUIDIXIASHUIJITURANGDEERCIWURAN。

5)WUNIZHUANHUANWEIYOUZHIFUZHITU,FEICHANGSHIHEYONGYUDUIFEIHUOTURANGGAILIANGJI。

6)JIEJUEWUNITUDILIYONGSHISUODANYOUDEZHONGJINSHU、BINGYUANTIDUITURANGDEQINHAI。

7)KESHIYONGYUGAOHANSHUILVDEWUNICHULI。

QUEDIAN:

1)ZHANDIMIANJIJIAODA,BUYIYONGYUDACHENGSHISHINEI,ZAITUDIGONGYINGCHONGZUDEDIQUGUANGSHOUHUANYING。

2)YUANJULIDEYUNSHUFEIYONGGAOANGSHIZHIYUEWUNITURANGHUAJISHUDEYIGEZHONGYAOYINSU。


BIANJI:LIDAN

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